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What Does A HGV Medical Include?

What Does A HGV Medical Include?

The HGV Medical is split into 2 parts: The Vision Assessment and The Medical.

Every HGV Driver needs a medical to drive. Today’s blog explains everything you need to know about the HGV Medical.

The Medical assessment is recorded on a D4 Form. This form is sent with your application form (D2) to the DVLA. Simply Medicals will provide you with the forms if you come to us for your medical.

The Vision Assessment

Firstly, the vision assessment. This part of the form can be done by an optician or a full GMC registered doctor.

If you come to Simply Medicals, this assessment will be done by a doctor.

What are the vision standards?

The eyesight requirement for HGV vehicles is higher than that of a normal car driver. The doctor or optician will ask you to cover one eye at a time, 3m away from an eye testing chart. Also known as a Snellen Chart.

Car Driver Vision Requirements

For normal cars you must be able to read a car number plate 20 metres away. This can be with glasses or contact lenses if needed.

HGV Vision Requirements

There is no way to test this without an eye chart. You must meet the minimum requirements for car drivers plus it needs to be just below 20/20 vision in one eye. The other eye must be able to read the top of the Snellen chart as a minimum.

If there are any issues with the eye test, the doctor will let you know. This may mean getting your eye test done by an optician if you do not meet the standard. Glasses or contact lenses can be used to meet the standard.

The Medical Part

The Medical part can only be filled out by a Full GMC registered doctor. The medical is thorough, and the doctor will ask you questions about your past medical history. The doctor will also examine you.

The DVLA has detailed guidance with regards to the criteria for being a lorry driver. Also known as a group 2 licence holder. Further details can be found ‘at a glance‘ DVLA document.

What Does A HGV Medical Include: The HGV Medical part is split into 8 sections:
  1. Neurological
  2. Diabetes
  3. Cardiovascular
  4. Mental health
  5. Substance misuse
  6. Medical list
  7. Sleeping disorders
  8. Miscellaneous


The doctor will ask about any previous neurological issues. These include things like strokes, seizures, TIA, blackouts, head injuries, Parkinson’s disease, brain tumours or other neurological problems.


The doctor will ask if you have diabetes and if so, will take a detailed history around this. If you are required to monitor your blood sugars, please bring your monitor with you.


Cardiovascular includes anything related to your heart or blood vessels. This includes but is not limited to, previous heart operations, irregular heartbeats, angina, heart attacks, heart valve problems, conduction problems in the heart and any investigations associated with your heart.

During the HGV Medical the doctor will ask you about any cardiovascular problems and will check your blood pressure as well as listen to your heart. If there are any other cardiovascular issues a more thorough examination will be done.

Mental Health

A structured mental health screen will be done. If there are no mental health issues int he past, then you will not need to delve into detail. However, if there are any issues then a detailed mental health history will be taken to reflect accurately what has happened int he past.

Substance Misuse

A drugs and alcohol history is taken. It is important to be honest given how dangerous an Artic lorry can be if driven under the influence of alcohol or drugs.

Medication list

A detailed drug history will be taken. With the medication you currently take as well as what they are being used for and, when they started. This includes inhalers and as required medication. Please bring this information with you when you come for the medical.

Sleeping disorders

If you have any disorders which could cause you to feel tired or sleepy throughout the day these need to be declared. So if you have narcolepsy or obstructive sleep apnoea. The doctor will ask you about this in more detail.


Here your height and weight is taken. General questionnaire about your health. This includes cancers which spread to the brain, liver, kidney, lung, or any other medical issues not mentioned. Also, any details about any specialist doctors that you may see.

The HGV Medical

The HGV Medical is a comprehensive medical and is vital for any driver to considering to be a lorry driver. In most cases as long as your medical condition is well controlled then there is no issue. The DVLA may choose to do further assessments depending on information given to them.

Over 90% of people pass the HGV Medical. If there are any questions you have, or any concerns feel free to reach out to us on WhatsApp.

You can also check the C1 medical.

Ultimately, It all starts with your HGV medical. Your feedback is most welcome! Feel free to email us on so we can help you. I hope you will enjoy our videos and articles. Please like our facebook page and subscribe to our youtube channel. Therefore, If you need to book a HGV medical please click here.



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